Muscat, The Ministry of Heritage and Culture announced the completion
of its survey and excavation work on the World Heritage Site in Bat, in the Wilayat of Ibri, in
the Governorate in Al Dhahirah, in cooperation with American archaeological mission. The
first season of the survey focused on the area between Al Rajoum and Al Mutairiya Towers
to understand the relationship between the archaeological elements and the Bronze Age
settlements in the targeted area.
The ministry said that this season revealed many remains of ancient settlements dating
back to the Bronze Age, in which settlement in some of them continued to later periods of
time, and found many of the tombs and archaeological remains.
Bat archaeological and historical site is located in the eastern part of the Wilayat of Ibri
and is about 30 kilometers away from its centre. It is famous for its historical archaeological
cemeteries. It was named Bat because it was the crossing point between the mountainous
and coastal areas. The city’s archaeological sites were discovered in 1976 when the
Danish mission, in collaboration with the Ministry, started excavating in the site to discover
semi-pyramid tombs, which are built of stones in a sophisticated engineering. There are
large number of tombs surrounding the town from all sides, but the largest gathering is
located about half a kilometer north of the town of Bat. In the excavation site, some pottery
vessels, bracelets and household items were found. It was noted that the archaeological
tombs were similar to those in Umm Al Nar Cemetery, which indicates that there were trade
relations between Oman and other areas in the pre-Islamic era.
The city also has a number of other larger buildings, which look like palaces compared to
other monuments. These palaces were built of bigger stones, one meter and a half.
Among these palaces, the palace of Al Rajoum, the largest of the palaces and consists of
eight rooms, surrounding a well. The palace is surrounded by a number of rooms. Other
palaces are Qasr Al Salmi, Qasr Al Khafaj and Qasr Al Mutairiya.
Source: Oman News Agency